Majestic castle Hohenzollern, proudly stands on top of a mountain at an altitude of Hohenzollern 855 meters and is located near the settlements and Bisingen Hechingen, in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg. Castle is considered the preserve of the Hohenzollern dynasty, the dynasty, which towered over the Middle Ages and rule Prussia and Brandenburg until the end of World War II.
|Author A. Kniesel , License|
The current castle has undergone three stages of construction. First medieval castle fortress is mentioned in 1267, but it is assumed that it was built earlier, in XI century. In 1423 the castle was besieged by the troops of the imperial cities of Swabia. May 15, 1423, the castle was taken and destroyed. From the first castle remained only written record.
Since 1952, the castle was filled with historical artifacts from the collection of the house of Hohenzollern, and from the former Museum of the Hohenzollern palace Monbizhu. One of the most famous relics stored in the museum are the crown of the Prussian kings and uniforms belonging to Frederick the Great. From 1952 to 1991, the museum houses the remains of the castle of Frederick I and Frederick the Great. After the reunification of East and West Germany in 1991, the remains of the Prussian kings were returned to Potsdam. Castle was damaged by an earthquake September 3, 1978 to the mid-1990s, was closed for the reconstruction.
Castle is as before private property: 2/3 belongs to the Brandenburg-Prussian Hohenzollern line and third line Swabian Catholic. Castle is visited annually by about 300 thousand tourists, thus making it one of the most visited castles in Germany.
Among stored in the castle of historical artifacts, it is worth noting the crown of Wilhelm II, some of the personal belongings of Frederick the Great, and the letter of U.S. President George Washington thanking Baron von Steuben, a descendant of the house of Hohenzollern, for his help in the struggle for the independence of the United States. Today the castle is a popular tourist attraction.